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What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies. When you have type 2 diabetes, your body can’t use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugar to build up in your blood.

Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition. It can lead to health issues such as heart attack; stroke; blindness; kidney failure; or loss of toes, feet, or legs.

What Is Prediabetes?

Prediabetes is a blood glucose (sugar) level that is higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. One in three American adults has prediabetes, and most do not even know they have it. If you have prediabetes and do not lose weight or do moderate physical activity, you can develop type 2 diabetes within 5 years.

Am I at Risk for Prediabetes and Type 2 Diabetes?

You are at increased risk for developing prediabetes and type 2 diabetes if you:

  • Are 45 years of age or older;
  • Are overweight;
  • Have a family history of type 2 diabetes;
  • Are physically active fewer than three times per week; or
  • Ever had diabetes while pregnant (gestational diabetes) or gave birth to a baby that weighed more than 9 pounds.

If you think you may be at risk, a health care provider can do a blood test to see if you have diabetes or prediabetes.

What is the PreventT2 Lifestyle Change Program?

PreventT2 is part of the National Diabetes Prevention Program, led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). It is proven to help people with prediabetes prevent or delay development of type 2 diabetes.

What Is the Benefit of Being Part of a PreventT2 Program?

As part of a PreventT2 group, you will work with other participants and a trained lifestyle coach to learn the skills you need to make lasting changes. These changes include losing a modest amount of weight, being more physically active, and managing stress.

Being part of a group provides support from other people who are facing similar challenges and trying to make the same changes you are. Together you can celebrate successes and fi ways to overcome obstacles.

What Is the Format of the PreventT2 Program?

PreventT2 groups meet for a year — weekly for the first 6 months, then once or twice a month for the second

6 months to maintain healthy lifestyle changes. During each session, your lifestyle coach will teach a lesson and lead a group discussion.

For example, you will learn to:

  • Eat healthy
  • Add physical activity to your life
  • Manage stress
  • Stay on track when eating out
  • Understand and respond to your food cues
  • Stay motivated
  • Solve problems that can get in the way of healthy changes

For more information about the PreventT2 Curriculum,  go to http://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/prevention/lifestyle- program/curriculum.html.

Where Can I Participate in a PreventT2 Program?

The local program is offered at your VCE’s office at 400 Farmer Street, Petersburg VA 23803 on Wednesday’s starting April 5, 2017 from 12:15- 1:00 p.m. brown bag lunches are welcome. The cost of this program has been waived for those working or living in or near the Petersburg area. PreventT2 groups meet for a year — weekly for the first 6 months, then once or twice a month for the second 6 months.

Does PreventT2 Work?

The PreventT2 program can help people with prediabetes cut their risk of developing type 2 diabetes in half. The Diabetes Prevention Program research study showed that making modest behavior changes helped participants lose 5 to 7 percent of their body weight — that is 10 to 14 pounds for a person weighing 200 pounds. These lifestyle changes reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 58 percent in people with prediabetes.

PreventT2 is part of the National Diabetes Prevention Program, led by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Having prediabetes means it’s time for prevention. To sign up for this PreventT2 program you can call Katrina Kirby @ 804-733-1880 or VSU; Debra S. Jones @ 804-524-5966. To learn more, visit http://offices.ext.vt.edu/petersburg/ and/or www.cdc.gov/ PreventT2.

If you are a person with a disability and desire any assistive devices, services or other accommodations to participate in this activity, please contact Alma DeLeon at (804) 733-1880 /TDD (800) 828-1120 during business hours of 8:00 a.m. and 5:00 p.m. to discuss accommodations five days prior to the event.

Other Resources

  • “Could You Have Prediabetes?” Online Quiz: This simple, seven-question quiz assesses if a person is at risk for having prediabetes. You can view and download the quiz to your website at www.cdc.gov/PreventT2.
  • “A Change for Life” Video: In this video, experts and people with prediabetes talk about how type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed by making lifestyle changes that include weight loss and increased physical activity. People with prediabetes discuss how group lifestyle change classes helped them learn and keep healthy habits. You can view and download the video at www.cdc.gov/CDCTV/ChangeForLife/index.html.

Your PreventT2 Lifestyle Coach

PreventT2 lifestyle coaches have the experience and training to help you reach your goals. Your lifestyle coach will help you:

  • Learn the facts about healthy eating and physical activity and explain how these behaviors will help reduce your risk for type 2 diabetes
  • Set and meet your goals
  • Build relationships with other participants
  • Work as a group to meet challenges

PreventT2 Program Features

  • Trained lifestyle coach
  • CDC-approved curriculum
  • Group support
  • Year-long program — weekly for 6 months, then 1–2 times a month